Is it true that US jobs on H1B have suddenly been reduced? All they want are candidates who are US citizens, green card holders or with an EAD permit.
I don’t know who you are, and I feel for you, if you are applying to well compensated jobs that require the highest professional expertise. After 15 years of widespread (millions of jobs just in IT) “offshoring” abuse, work visas got the inevitable reputation, especially combined with the geographic origin of said labor.Nothing personal. H1B was looked at differently before the early 2000s. Any professional, at least in IT was respected regardless of the citizenship. It’ll never return to that. It hurt me, an American (naturalized, but still), and it hurts people like you. Note, how I used the past tense. I stopped being a good boy and obediently playing the exploitative IT game. By the rules, set by greedy CFOs.I know it is easy for me to say things like that, being here. Don’t play that game, hoping that years of work visa suffering would result in a stable white-collar career and middle class lifestyle. They won’t. Not anymore. The system stopped working - for you.There are many ways for you to succeed outside of the stinky corporate world. Join a worldwide open-source team (or form one doing something you love). Find like-minded people where you live. One way or another transform yourself from an abused employee into an entrepreneur (meaning future employer). It’s easier than ever to found a tech startup nowadays. Everything is free. You just need an idea and talent to execute. If you lack either, your employment failure is not caused by visa issues.Last, but not least, if you build a reputation in your field - I mean a portfolio of work and track record instead of stupid super-rare resume abbreviations people with pawn mentality are trying to separate themselves with from the visa-seeking masses. If you have the reputation, great startups will find you. And they will, unlike predatory recruiters, get that visa for you, if they need to bring you to the US.That was the short version. Now comes the tl;dr part.If you want to continue down the corporate pawn path, you are fucked. I was fucked. Everyone on the employee side of the fence is fucked. Quantity vs. quality. Yes, I know who said that. The balance is ruined. After the corporate America’s discovery of the certain country aggressively marketing and exporting its main resource: the enormous semi English speaking population, the numbers game began. The only possible outcome was the cheap quantity crushing the quality. The numbers always represent, don’t you think? No miracles. Real talent doesn’t grow on trees in numbers it is being “imported” here.It’s numbers. Nothing else. Can’t demand to be treated like an individual (a fair chance to present your skills at a job interview), let alone a college-educated professional with unique skills. Not with a hundred people breathing down your neck - in line for the same job. Whether their credentials and claims are phony compared to yours, doesn’t matter. You are lumped with them, and the cheapest one wins. Keep fooling yourself, that work visas exist due to the shortage of highly skilled professionals. It’s the CFOs tool to exploit. At least after 2021 in IT.Staffing body shops were happy to oblige. After bringing over millions of the cheapest villagers subjected to cramming Java textbooks in smelly basements for three months, w/o even touching a personal computer (too expensive)... inevitably everyone else in that applicant group is now viewed as a third-world villager.I’d not credit the government with trying to help the American middle class. First, it never gets anything right even with the good intentions. And second, speaking of intentions, the two-party American government is financed aka “lobbied” by two distinct industrial groups, not the population, let alone completely powerless middle class.The $4K fine is a gesture at best - nothing considering the “savings” between the $80 and $2/hr - eaten by several layers of middlemen, but still‡ in IT, which consumes the lion’s share of H1Bs.During my 20+ year Fortune 100 IT career, just the number of “onshore” “discount resources” I’ve seen per company - counted via email lists, if you are wondering‡ and BTW that was only the tip of the iceberg, transferring work to 3–5 times bigger workforce “offshore”‡ That “onshore” hub alone would not add up to the annual H1B limit. Not to mention most of them were paid significantly lower than even pathetic $60K mandated by the H1B.The majority of IT “discount resources” is on the not-regulated L1 visa. So H1B restrictions or its nominal (at best) enforcement is not going to affect the corporate assault on American middle class wages. It just makes the 0.00001% of legit H1B applicants life miserable. Like other government’s “good deeds”‡ yes, Obamacare. Do they care? No. A screwup? Well‡ every government’s “screwup” is lining somebody’s pockets. Never yours or mine, that’s for sure.I’ll skip the issue of finding meaningful work for those thousands of software engineers. They do nothing - “onshore” or “offshore”. They smoke outside the buildings, pretend to rush to BS meetings and trainings, chat, walk around‡ It’s redundancy at best. Buying the cattle wholesale‡ just in case. And to justify the budget.That scam relies on numbers. Can’t find as many college educated professionals in the US. Also any American’s credentials and work history would be easy to verify unlike “top” tech universities in that remote part of the world. Some of those “resources” may not even exist, as physical people. Typical third world fraud and corruption. It’s a headcount scam for the body shop middleman and bribed American decision makers. Not as many kickback opportunities with hardware (servers, switches, etc.) compared to buying people like cattle.My theory would be, that some of the tech companies that jumped on that engineering cattle bandwagon in the early 2000s, fired their clueless CIOs who made those decisions. A typical CIO gets let go (with a golden parachute) after his/her five-year disastrous contract. Which I indeed witnessed around 2007–2009. Keep in mind, to fire such high-ranking company officer, the losses should be in hundreds of millions. Yes, they were. Every single Fortune 100 IT department I worked at. The cream de la cream of the Wall Street. How they survived? They passed those losses onto the consumer: you and me. Ever wondered why insurance policies of all sorts: from auto to health are not getting cheaper despite (theoretical) advances in data automation? That’s all it is: data entry and reports. You deal with those failures every day, logging into bank and health insurance websites.A few of the new CIOs must have seen the light. The fairytale of at least one overpopulated country magically producing millions of MIT-level graduates every year is over. You get what you pay for. Engineering is hard, and there will always be a finite number of capable (software) engineers in the world. Plus the “enterprise” software: said bank and insurance websites need to work after all. So not many companies today, at least in IT are willing to take their chances with $2/hr code monkeys again, after the 15-year technology stagnation caused by “offshoring”.The second factor is the third-world employment mentality. The code monkeys of the early 2021. got their green cards and became IT middle managers. What every one of them does upon the promotion? Right, cleans the space and brings half of his/her village over. What else you’d expect from Medieval clan-centric (work and business) culture? A warm embrace of the American individualism aka “let the best man win”? It’s not about your visa. Check again, if you are a member of the hiring manager’s clan: a friend or a relative. No? Leaving/left your home country after being fed up with those atrocities? Unfortunately, the numbers game brought them to American IT departments.The third factor is the emergence of strong tech employers (Google, Facebook, Amazon, etc.) that only hire good‡ yes, “expensive” by corporate CFO standards, engineers. Google and Amazon have real products to build or support - unlike corporate IT, that gets away with 70–90% failures used to hedge against taxes. There goes another clueless MBA myth of firing the original “expensive” team and handing off the developed product/service to “discount resources” for “maintenance”.Fourth, thanks to Google-caliber companies the software development and other computer-aided engineering technology has gotten better allowing one skilled (and well-paid) American engineer to do more - and eliminating the need for low-level “coding” jobs. Tedious low level jobs is yet another IT myth. There are none in a tight engineering team. Real engineering is always creative. But then, like I mentioned, typical IT 3000+ cattle head “employment” is a scam for the middlemen to get their money. Each, I am not kidding you, paid more than the actual “engineer” they sell to some American corporation IT department.I can’t wait for 3D printing and similar advanced manufacturing technologies to eliminate the need to stamp plastic in China - exploiting kids, harming the environment, and other atrocities, we did not want here, and turn the blind eye to, shopping at Wal-Mart. Does it matter, where the emissions-free fully-automatic 3D printer is located? Save on shipping and further reduce emissions.So overall, any exploiter’s delight of finding the cheap labor heaven is only temporary, because the technology always reduces the headcount and eliminates cheap jobs. It’s a simple formula. The abundance of cheap (manual) labor turns the technical progress back.The progress makes every occupation productive and creative - for the few able to create. As for the billion of people over there in need of “a job” (of support or maintenance kind) to make a living? It’s their problem. Learn from China’s birth rate reduction efforts.